Showing posts with label books. Show all posts
Showing posts with label books. Show all posts

Wednesday, 28 February 2018

The School Boy by William Blake : Themes, Imagery And Symbolism

The School Boy by William Blake : Themes, Imagery And Symbolism

The loss of Innocence.
Entrapment, Confinement.
Parental care and Authority.
The Stand point of Children.
Imagery and Symbolism.
         The School Boy by William Blake Themes, Imagery And Symbolism
"The School Boy" is a 1789 poem by William Blake and published as a part of his poetry collection entitled "Songs of Innocence."
The poem is written in the pastoral tradition that focuses on the downsides of formal learning. It considers how going to school on a summer day "drives all joy away".The boy in this poem is more interested in escaping his classroom.


1. The Loss of innocence

Innocence is presented here as freedom from constraint and self-consciousness. The child starts out taking pleasure in an uninhibited life, full of trust in his world, both natural and human. The fragility of this state is clear from images like blossoms' and tender plants .. strip'd'. The child soon experiences the woe' in life and of learning the possibility of failure and betrayal.
The poem begins in Stanza I with the poet giving us a pastoral image of the innocence of nature reminiscent of that in The Introduction from Innocence, some critics have pointed out the similarity of The distant huntsman winds his horn in this poem with Piping down the valleys wild in The Introduction of Innocence. The poem gives us an image of rising with the company of many natural joys, not just the huntsman but birds sing on every tree and the sky-lark sings with me. It is in Stanza II that we see the oppression of the natural by authority typical of Experience and continued through the rest of the poem. This stanza compares the pastoral imagery of Stanza I with that of the cruel eye outworn, and the sighing and dismay of the children in the school room. The contrast is heightened by the similarity of the opening lines, both ending in a summer morn and the way this forces a similar rhyme across the two, and the similar metre and beginning of O! what sweet company. ending Stanza I and O! it drives all joy away; in the second line of Stanza II. The similarities enhance the differences in the two images and show childhood in the two states of pastoral innocence and the experience in restrictive school days leaving the reader with a feeling for the loss of youth.

2. Entrapment, Confinement

Images of confinement abound in the Songs. Blake the revolutionary opposed the coercive strictures of the Establishment' the state, organised religion etc. - which sought to quantify and rule all aspects of human behaviour. Here, education is formalised and restrictive, actually stunting the development of those it claimed to nurture. Prison imagery is seen in the cruel eye' of the overseer and the cage' of the bird.
Images of confinement is further, abound in the Songs. Blake the revolutionary opposed the coercive strictures of the Establishment' the state, organised religion etc. - which sought to quantify and rule all aspects of human behaviour. Here, education is formalised and restrictive, actually stunting the development of those it claimed to nurture. Prison imagery is seen in the cruel eye' of the overseer and the cage' of the bird.
Blake saw the natural child as an image of the creative imagination which is the human being's spiritual core. He was concerned about the way in which social institutions such as the school system and parental authority crushed the capacity for imaginative vision. The child's capacity for happiness and play are expressions of this imagination.

3. Parental care and authority

In Blake's work, parents are often perceived as inhibiting and repressing their children. Their own fears and shame are communicated to the next generation through the parental desire to protect' children from their desires. According to Blake, parents misuse care' to repress children, rather than setting the children free by rejoicing in, and safeguarding, their capacity for play and imagination. Here, parents are seen as colluding with a repressive system; it is as though they are entrapped by a way of seeing the world and transmit that entrapment to their offspring by perpetuating the system.
Stanzas V and VI are appeals to the alternate authority of the parents to realise the predicament of the child and the dangers in this suppression of natural learning. Stanza V gives us a strong image of nature destroyed with :-

if buds are nipd,
And blossoms blown away,
And if the tender plants are stripd

4. The Standpoint of children

Is the child born free and good, as Rousseau believed, or born sinful, as the Calvinist Christians believed?
Or is this opposition the result of fallen human beings' inability to recognise that the capacity for good and evil both belong to humanity?
Blake's idea that a young child can clearly see God echoes the Romantic sensibility articulated by Wordsworth, that children had an existence in heaven before the commencement of their earthly life. 

Imagery and symbolism

This poem depends upon three inter-related images, the schoolboy, the bird and the plant. All three are dependent upon, or vulnerable to, the way in which they are treated by human beings.

Schoolboy - The image of the child here focuses on his nature as free and unfettered. He is associated with the spring as a time for growth, freshness and playfulness. As such, the child represents the playful, free nature of the creative imagination. According to Blake, this was fettered by subjection to the demands of a system which denies the validity of imagination. In The School Boy, formal education involves subjection to a cruel' eye and cruelty in Blake is always linked with the denial of imaginative freedom and of the spiritual self.

Bird - The bird imagery allows for the comparison between the free child being imprisoned in school and the songbird being caged. The unity between bird and boy is emphasised in stanza one. The sky-lark sings with me'. This inverts our expectations. We tend to think of the sky-lark as the primary singer, with whom people might sing along. Here, however, it is the child who is the first singer. It is as natural to him as to the lark, as though he were another bird.

Birds are also images of freedom. Their capacity for flight and for song makes them appropriate images of creative imagination, since poets sing' and imagination is often linked with the notion of flight. The schoolboy in school and the bird in the cage are, therefore, seen as equivalents not only at the natural level, under physical subjection, but at the spiritual level, too. Both represent the caging and entrapping of imaginative vision.

Plant - The image of the plant applies to the school boy's present and future. The young plant, like the young child, is tender and vulnerable. The way it (and the child) is treated at this stage dictates its later capacity to bear fruit. Just as food gathered in autumn is necessary to ensure survival through the winter, so experiences of joy and the freedom of the imagination are necessary for a person's capacity to live well and survive the inevitable griefs' of life.


poem is a dramatic monologue, written in rhyme scheme (ababb).
It contains six stanzas of 30 lines. It examines the element of nature in proferring solution to learning and creative development.


Sunday, 28 January 2018

The Proud King by William Morris: Themes, Language, Setting, Structure and Poetic device.

The Proud King by William Morris: Themes, Language, Setting, Structure and Poetic device.

This long narrative poem captures the downfall of a powerful king from riches to rags due to his hubris. His personality flaw lies in pride. Due to the enormous wealth and authority he exerts, King Jovinian exhibits royal arrogance. He feels that he is more than a man and places himself on equal status with God. To him, he cannot die. He has assumed immortality. Because of this, God decides to humble King Jovinian.


William Morris' "The Proud King" is one that has so many themes embedded in it. Some of these numerous themes are:

1. Pride goes before a fall

The poem insinuate to the biblical teaching of pride and its repercussions, which is projected through the actions of the epic hero, King Jovinian. The key ideology of the poem validates the authenticity of the popular biblical proposition, "God opposes the proud and gives grace to the humble".

 2. The supremacy of God

God is a Supreme Being and will never hesitate to prove his supremacy when the need be. When King Jovinian assumes the position of a god due to his influence and affluence, God reduced him to a common madman until he admits that God gave him all that he has. The theme of Supremacy: The poet proves that the supremacy of God is far better than that of the King Jovinian. Jovinian's supremacy
makes him maintain fear and respect for his positions and possessions
but the supremacy of God ripped him off his power and possesions, shamed him and reduced him to nothing in the eyes of everyone; "The hot sun sorely
burned his naked skin" (in line 100). The angel finally revealed
himself to King Jovinian from line 719-728:

3. The theme of Arrogance: King Jovinian's arrogance went far even in

his situation of wretchedness, he was arrogantly approaching the nobles; he
was banging the palace gate with a very heavy stone in line 143-144
"He hurdled himself against the mighty gate/ And beat upon it madly
with a stone" and in line 215-217, he was shouting at the ranger;
"Armies will rise up when I nod my head/ Slay me! _or cast thy
treachery away/ And have anew my favour from this day."

4. The theme of Repentance: Without repentance, the proud king

wouldn't have regain his power, possessions and wealth. King Jovinian was
potrayed in the poem in different forms. He began to wear heart of
regret; "Muttered, I wish the day would ne'er come back/ If all that
once I had I now must lack" (line 333-334) in his regrets, he still
has hope for "the fresh morning air/ The rising sun, and all things
fresh and fair/ Yet caused some little hope in him to rise" (in lines
347-349) and at a certain point he narrated his plight to Christopher
a-Green from line 365-370:
"And asked him of his name and misery;
Then in his throat a swelling passion rose,
Which yet he swallowed down, and, "Friend," said he,
"Last night I had the hap to meet the foes
Of God and man, who robbed me, and with blows
Stripped off my weed and left me on the way:"

When King Jovinian became so confused in his state of nothingness, he
called on God in line 435-436; "Ah, God!" said he, "is this another
earth/ From that whereon I stood two days ago?" he further begged God
from line 605-609 "Saying, "Lord God, what bitter things are these?
What hast thou done, that every man that sees/ This wretched body, of
my death is fain?/ O Lord God, give me back myself again!".

5. Death is inevitable

As they say " All things must come to an end". No who you are or the position you hold in the society, you will surely sleep in the cold hands of death when the time is due. King Jovinian thinks his affluence, titles, influence and other worldly fortunes can immortalise him or save him from dying like his predecessors. Thus,this is an utopian thought coming from an conceited king. At the latter part of the poem, it is revealed that he eventually King Jovinian dies and another king reigns afterwards.

6. Ultimate power corrupts ultimately.

In this poem, William Morris reveals how power corrupts mortal men. King Jovinian is intoxicated by power. His disdainful and vain acts are products of his affluence and influence, which he gained through power. The Ranger is not left out here. In stanza 36, we are meant to understand that he is enthusiastic with his earthly gains and position that after King Jovinian leaves his presence, he orders his servants to bring in a musician to play in sweet melodies. He is delighted with his achievements and grateful to the king (instead of God) for the grace that he has enjoyed. This also shows that the Ranger is happy for King Jovinian's misfortune hence his sarcastic gratitude to him (Jovinian).

"The Proud King" is set in the medieval period, a period when kings in Europe ruled as absolute sovereigns of their lands.

The language of William Morris' "The Proud King" is simple (that is, easily comprehensible) and conversational; and as an epic poem, it is narrative in nature. The poem is also spiced with Elizabethan lexicons such as "thou" (L. 269), "thy" (L. 187), which are present in the religious register of the medieval period within which this poem is set. The presence of such lexicons does not only project the setting of the poem, but also portrays it as a religious poem, aimed at revealing the evil consequences of pride.

The poem is made up of 119 stanzas of 849 lines. 117 out of 119 stanzas comprise seven lines each, with a consistent rhyme scheme (ababbcc) while the last 2 stanzas have nineteen and eleven lines, with the rhyme scheme, "aabbccddeeffgghhiij" and "abbccddeeff" respectively

Some of the poetic devices or figures of speech in this poem are:

1. Alliteration
"May morning" (L. 15).
"step... step" (L. 30).
"his horse" (L. 64).
"visage vanished" (L. 141).
"Worse who was of little worth" (L. 613) etc.

2. Hyperbole
Some expressions are exaggerated in the poem.
"mighty gate" (L. 117).
"a mighty hart and swift" (L. 45).
"And since his horse was worth a Kingdom's gift" (L. 47).

3. Antithesis
The poet uses two opposite expressions to pass across a vital message.
"And is a mighty lord to slay and save" (L. 648).
"New things becoming old, and old things new" (L. 784).

4. Oxymoron
The placing together of two contradictory words to express an idea.
"Thou bitter-sweet thou knowest well this is" (L. 747).

5. Personification
"angry eye" (L. 708).

6. Biblical allusion
There are some biblical allusion in the poem.
"As Adam's, ere he took the devil's hire" (L.186).
"Since Noah's flood has altered all the air" (L. 203).

7. Euphemism
"That it may lie when I am gone away".

8. Inversion
This literary device occurs when a normal sentence order is reversed.
"King was I yesterday, and long before" (L. 485).

Normally, this would have been "I was a King yesterday, and long before".

9. Repetition
"Morning" (Lines 15, 46, 213).
"God" (Lines 104, 187, 194, 196).
"May morning" (Lines 15 and 213).

10. Synecdoche
"God and the world against one lonely head" (L. 560). The word 'head' represents  King Jovinian.

11. Rhetorical question
"Is this a dream that my wearied eyes behold?" (L. 634).
"What doleful wonder now shall I be told/Of that I'll world that I so long have left?" (Lines 635 and 636).
"What thing thy glory from thee has bereft" (L. 637) etc.

12. Irony
Precisely the use of dramatic irony in the poem. The concept of the king's identity seems ironic in the sense that only the king and the readers of the poem understood the king's predicament; no one else.


Friday, 29 December 2017

Role of Characters in She Stoops to Conquer

Role and Character Analysis of all Character in She Stoops to Conquer

Role and Character Analysis of Sir Charles Marlow In She Stoops to Conquer

Sir Charles Marlow
A minor character and the father of Young Marlow; also a friend of Mr Hardcastle. Arespectable and aristocratic fellow from the town who believes his son is of very modest character. He follows his son, a few hours behind. Unlike his son, he does not meet Tony Lumpkin in the Three Pigeons, and thus is not confused. He is an old friend of Mr Hardcastle, both of them once having been in the British military.. Sir Marlow enjoys the follies of his son, but does not understand these initially. However, he is quite upset when his son treats Kate as a maid.
Every father is always proud of a son with good qualities. His coming to Mr Hardcastle's home after his son is to ensure nothing goes wrong with the marriage proposal.
He is quite pleased with the union of his son and his friend's daughter. Demonstrates 18th century practice of
parents' involvement in the choice of marital partners

Role and Character Analysis of Young Charles Marlow In She Stoops to Conquer

Young Charles Marlow
Marlow is a scholar with many good qualities who "is designed for employment in the service Every father is always proud of a son with good qualities.
Promising young man who comes to the country to woo the Hardcastles' pretty daughter, Kate. His coming to Mr Hardcastle's home after his son is to ensure nothing goes wrong with the marriage proposal. He is quite pleased with the union of his son and his friend's daughter. Demonstrates 18th century practice of parents' involvement in the choice of marital part need.
His only drawback is that he is extremely shy around refined young ladies, although he is completely at ease and even forward with women of humble birth and working-class status. The central and pivotal male character in the play, used by playwright Goldsmith to satirize England's preoccupation with, and overemphasis on, class distinctions. Marlow is sophisticated and has travelled round the world Around lower-class women Marlow is a lecherous rogue, but around those of an upper-class card he is a nervous, bumbling fool. Marlow is brash and rude to Mr castle, owner of "Liberty Hall" (a reference to another site in London), whom Marlow believes to be an innkeeper. Possessed of a strange contradictory character, wherein he is mortified to speak to any "modest" woman, but is lively and excitable in conversation with barmaids or other low-class women. However, Marlow's redeeming qualities make him a likeable character, and the audience tends to root for him when he becomes the victim of a practical joke resulting in mix-ups and mistaken identities
Because Marlows rudeness is comic, the audience is likely not to dislike Thus, interview with Kate exploits the man's fears, and convinces Miss she will have to alter her persona drastically to make a relationship with the man possible. The character of Charles Marlow is very similar to the description of Goldsmith himself as he too acted "sheepishly" around women of a higher class
than himself, and amongst "creatures of another stamp" acted with the most confidence.

Role and Character Analysis of Mr Hardcastle In She Stoops to Conquer

Mr Hardcastle
The patriarch of the Hardcastle family, and owner of the estate where the play is set. He is a middle-aged gentleman who lives in an old mansion in the countryside about sixty miles from London.
He despises the ways of the town, and is dedicated to the simplicity of country life and old fashioned traditions.
The father of Kate Hardcastle, who is mistaken by Marlow and Hastings as an innkeeper Hardcastle is a realist and a level-headed countryman who loves old" and hates the town and the "follies" that come with it. He is very much occupied with.the old times' and likes nothing better than to tell his war stories and to drop names, such as the Duke of Marlborough. into conversations, Hardcastle cares for his daughter Kate, but insists that she dresses plainly in his presence. It is he who arranges for Marlow to come to the country to marry his daughter.

Mr Hardcastle's love for the rustic life away from fashionable London, which he believes breeds "vanity and affectation" is portrayed. He may be stuffy, long
ded, and old-fashioned, but he affectionately humours his wifo, and oves his daughter, Kate. He wants the best for her, and in selecting a good husband for ber, his objective is not money or status, but her bappiness.
Hardcastle is a man of manners and, despite being highly insulted by Marlow s treatment ofhim. manages to keep his temper with his guest until near the end of the play,
To demonstrate Hardcastle's wealth of forgiveness as he not only forgives Marlow once be his realized Mariow's mistake, but also gives him consent to marry his daughter Portrays the 18th century marital practice. During this period, entirely arranged marriages were rare, but a young woman rarely had the right to select a husband entirely on her own. More customary was for the father to select the prospective husband, while the daughter had the right to accept or refuse him, In She Stoops to Conquer, Mr Hardcastle has selected Marlow, the son of an old friend, but he assures Kate he would never control her choice.

Role and Character Analysis of George Hasting In She Stoops to Conquer

George Hasting
A close friend of Charles Marlow and an admirer of Miss Constance Neville. while Marlow is busy with Kate, Hastings is busy with constance. A decent fellow who is willing to marry Constance even without her money. Hastings is also an educated man who cares deeply about Constance, with the intention of fleeing to France with her. However, the young woman makes it clear that she cannot leave without her jewels, which are guarded by Mrs Hardcastle, thus the pair and Tony collaborate to get hold ofthe jewels. When Hastings realizes the Hardcastle house is not an inn, he decides not to tell Marlow who would thus leave the premises immediately. True love does not thrive on material heritage. His companionship to Charles Marlow boosts Marlow's confidence in dealing with
Kate Tony accepts to help Hastings elope with Constance to erase Constance from his life and his mother's constant efforts to match him with Constance.

Role and Character Analysis of Tony Lumpkin In She Stoops to Conquer

Tony Lumpkin
son of Mrs Hardcastle by her first husband (Mr Lumpkin) and stepson to Mr Hardcastle. He is a mischievous, uneducated playboy and a very consumptive figure; a fat, ale-drinking young man who has little ambition except to play practical jokes and to visit the local tavern whenever be has a mind; frightens the maids and worries the kittens. Proves to be good-natured and kind despite his superficial disdain for everyone. do Mrs Hardcastle has no authority over Tony, and their relationship contrasts with that between Hardcastle and Kate.
Tony takes an interest in horses, "Bet Bouncer and especially the alehouse, where he joyfully sings with members of the lower-classes. When Tony comes of age, he will receive 1,500 pounds a year. His mother hopes to marry him to her niece, constance Neville, who is in line to inherit a casket of jewels from her uncle. Tony and Miss Neville despise each other It is Tony's initial ception of Marlow, for a joke, which sets up the plot Tony goes to great effort to help Neville and Hastings in their plans to leave the country because he despises her.
Tony's free-wheeling ways ofdrinking and tomfoolery is probably because of the huge inheritance that awaits him when he comes of age.

Role and Character Analysis of Mrs Dorothy Hardcastle
In She Stoops to Conquer

Mrs Dorothy Hardcastle
The matriarch of the Hardcastle family; wife to Mr Hardcastle and mother to Tony from an earlier marriage.
She coddles her son Tony, overprotects and loves him, but fails to tell him he is of age so that he is eligible to receive £1,500 a year, Unlike her husband, she yearns to sample life in high society. She also values material possessions and hopes to match her son (by her first husband) with her niece, Constance Neville, in order to keep her niece's inheritance in the family Mrs Hardcastle is a corrupt and eccentric character Her behaviour is.either over-the-top or far fetched, providing some of the play's comedy She is also partly selfish, wanting Neville to marry her son to keep the and that Constance is in Mobildespise each other, fact planning to flee to France with Hastings The vanity of Mrs Hardcastle is pronounced. Mrs Hardcastle is a contrast to her husband, which provides the bumourin the play's opening, loves the town, and is the only character that is not happy at the end of the play, Desperate material quest is likely to end up disastrously.

Role and Character Analysis of Miss Kate Hardcastle In She Stoops to Conquer

Miss Kate Hardcastle
Pretty daughter of the Hardcastles who is wooed by young Chates Marlow, she is called Miss Hardcastle" in the play. Kate respects her father, dressing plainly in his presence to please him Kale seeks in marriage a compatible and companionable husband, not money or status. in an effort to ascertain Marlow's true feelings, she pretends to be a barmaid to get him to announce that he loves her despite her low social position. intelligence and versatility she resembles such Shakespearean heroines as Viola in Twelfth Night and Roselaid in as you like it, Kate enjoys "French frippery" and the attributes ofthe town, much as her mother does.
When Charles Marlow mistakes woman her for the woman of the lowest class she allow him to continue to discover what he really thinks to mistake her identity, thus freeing his captive tongue so she discover what she really feels about her. She is Calculating and scheming, posing as a maid and deceiving Marlow, causing him to love with up her, Even though her father recommended Marlow to her, she investigates him herself to make mind and not because of the attractive wealthy background of Marlow. She is able to balance the "refined simplicity" of country life with the love of life associated with the town. The formal and respectful relationship that she shares with her father, contrasts with that between Tony and Mrs Hardcastle. Her conduct projects her as the quer heroine of the play.
In truth, Kate stands as the exemplary illustration of moderation, which the play seems to preach, Her foremost virtue in the world is liveliness, She wants to live and enjoy her life, a desire strict formality seems to exclude and so seeks to find in She worries that custom will force her into a and loveless marriage, this overly respectable gentleman, a man she might enjoy.

Role and Character Analysis of Miss Constance Neville In She Stoops to Conquer

Miss Constance Neville
Constance Neville, an orphan, is the niece and ward of Mrs Hardcastle (who holds Miss Neville's inheritance of jewels in her possession until she becomes
legally qualified to take possession of it)
and the cousin of Kate. Comely young lady who loves Hastings but is bedevilled by Mrs Hardcastle's schemes to match her with Tony. Her aunt, Mrs Hardcastle, wishes her to marry Tony Lumpkin, but Constance wants to marry Hastings.
Neville schemes with Hastings and Tony to get the jewels so she can then flee to France with her admirer, Miss Neville is projected as a focused and determined lady; she follows her heart and also insists on her legal inheritance without bowing to her aunt's wish to marry her cousin, Tony. Through Miss Neville, we are taught the value of liberty and compromises. Sometimes we may mean well for our wards in our intentions, when they come in conflict with their own desire we must not insist. Material greed in Mrs Hardcastle is signposted for scheming to match-make Tony and Neville because she is heir to a large fortune of jewels.

Role and Character Analysis of Diggory In She Stoops to Conquer

Hardcastle's head servant. Atalkative, likeable servant with poor table manners and a broad sense of humour. Mr Hardcastle attempts to teach Diggory and other field servants to serve at a formal table, with.comic results. Diggory also delivers the letter which tells Tony that Hastings needs fresh horses in order to el with Constance. Diggory serves as a useful ingredient in the comic menu Goldsmith presents in She stoops to conquer. The letter he delivers brings complications to the plot of the play. Constance must read the letter aloud in front of her aunt. Realizing its contents, Constance pretends to read, instead fabricating a story about gambling Tony's interest in gaming causes him to hand the letter to his mother, which spoils the secret elopement. The letter he delivers brings complications to the plot of the play. must read the aloud in front of her aunt. Realizing its contents, Constance pretends to read, instead fabricating a story about gambling. Tony's interest in gaming causes him to hand the letter to his mother, which ils the secret elopement.

Role and Character Analysis of Maid
In She Stoops to Conquer

Maid: Kate's servant. The woman who tells her that Marlow believed Kate to be a barmaid, which leads Kate towards her plan to stoop and conquer.

Role and Character Analysis of Landlord In She Stoops to Conquer

Landlord of the Three Pigeons Alehouse who welcomes Marlow and Hastings, and helps Tony to play his trick on them.

Role and Character Analysis of sir
In She Stoops to Conquer

Jeremy: Marlow's drunken servant. His drunken impertinence offends Hardcastle, which leads Hardcastle to order Marlow to leave.

Servants in the Hardcastle Household

Maid in the Hardcastle Household

First Fellow, Second Fellow, Third Fellow, Fourth Fellow: Drinking companions of Tony Lumpkin

Background of She stoops to Conquer by oliver Goldsmith

Background of She stoops to Conquer by oliver Goldsmith

She stoops to Conquer is a late 18th century play written by an Irish author oliver Goldsmith It is a play of mistaken identities, practical jokes and plots-within-plots. It was fint performed in Londo the Covent Garden Theatre on 15 March 1773 and was a huge success. It attracted an applause that was first of its kind in the London theatre, and almost immediately entered the repertory of respectable theatre companies. Within a decade, the play travelled both throughout the European continent and to the United States. She Stoops to Conquer can be described as a comedy of manners in which high-bom characters make fools of themselves trying to preserve their dignity, when in actuality they behav ways more fitting of the lower classes. Perhaps the play retells Goldsmith's own experiences abroad basking across Europe after barely obtaining a college degree, as can be deduced from the following memorable lines:

Let school-masters puzzle their brain, With grammar and nonsense, and learning Good liquor l stoutly maintain. Gives genius a better discerning. (p 6)

At the time of She Stoops to Conquer, popular theatre comedy was separated into what was commonly termed "sentimental comedy" and "laughing comedy." The former was concerned with
bourgeois (middle-class) morality and praising virtue. The latter, which dated back to the Greeks and Romans and through Shakespeare, was more willing to engage in Tow" humour the vice. In the prologue to the play, for instance, Woodward suggests that a certain class of actor (and by extension, then, audience and writer) were dying out as sentimental comedy became more popular,
play has an extra purpose: it must rejuvenate the joy taken in "laughing which could be willing to be more stupid, to dramatize base characters and characteristics, and to mock even the characters who profess to be moral
of refined Written essentially to entertain, but Goldsmith also satirizes the "vanity and affectation" 18th a society preoccupied with an idealized view of mankind, attempting to create this
century themes are to this, to ideas of real rough appearance and "fine manners. The play themes are link to this idea of what is real and what is false or As the elegant of Marlow says, owe too much to the the world, too much to the authority father ..."(p. 43).
By the time Goldsmith's play debuted in the late-18th century, England had undergone great political, economic, and social transformations. This period marked a period of great transition for England between 1640 and 1688, the nation fought a civil war, executed its king, and restored its monarchy it then established a government which balanced power between monarch and parliament. England had also fought a series of wars with the United Dutch Provinces and France, setting the stage for the dominance as a colonial power. The American Revolution loomed on the horizon, but historians agree that the loss of the colonies had limited political or economic impact. England became
increasingly prosperous nation occupying a central position on the world stage. These changes created what came to be known as the "marriage market," which provides the backdrop for She Stoops

Oliver Goldsmith's She ops to Conquer provokes laughter often at situations that are quite serious. Parent/child relationships and marriage stand at the centre of Goldsmith's play, as the character attempt to strike some balance between authority and freedom, obedience and independence. While Goldsmith treats these themes light-heartedly, the play's humour conceals a sombre undercurrent Simply put, the comedy asks how, at a time when many people married for money rather than love, can marriage join people who are both economically and emotionally compatible?
Initially titled the Mistakes of a Night, and indeed, the events within the play take place in one lo night, but perhaps due to evoking too strongly Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, Goldsmith re-titled the play She Stoops to Conquer. The title refers to Kate's nuse of pretending to be a barmaid to reach her goal. It originates in the poetry of Dryden, which Goldsmith may have seen misquoted Lord Chesterfield. In Chesterfield's version, the lines in question read: "The prostrate lover, when he lowest lies, But stoops to conquer, and but kneels to rise. For those who believe the play's plot seems too far-fetched, Oscar James Campbell noted i introduction to Chief Plays of Goldsmith and Sheridan: The School for Scandal. She Stoops Conquer The Rivals that the "central idea of She Stoops to Conquer was suggested to Goldsmith by an incident of his boyhood. He had been told that the house of Mr Featherstone a was an inn and directed there for entertainment, Goldsmith, always easily deceived by a practical joke, had gone to the squire's house and him as a host. Out of this situation grew his characters and their games of cross-purpose autobiographical elements in the play include resemblances between the young, vagabond Goldsmith who spent two years on a walking tour of Europe and the irresponsible, irrepressible Tony Lumpkin. Finally, Goldsmith, like his character Marlow, was at ease with serving women, but stiffin the company of proper ladies, in part because of insecurities about his physical appearance one of the few from the 18th century to have an enduring appeal, and is still regularly performed today. It has been adapted into a film several times, including in 1914 and 1923. Perhaps one
of the most famous incarnations of "She Stoops to Conquer" was Peter version, staged in 1993 and starring Miriam Margolyes as Mrs Hardcastle. The most famous production is the 1971 version featuring Ralph Richardson, Tom Courtenay, Juliet Mills and Brian Cox
with Trevor Peacock as Tony Lumpkin. It was shot on location near Ross on Wye, Herefordshire and is part of the BBC archive

Themes of She Stoops to Conquer

Themes of She Stoops to Conquer

Analysis of the Theme of Class and class bias In She Stoops to Conquer

Class and class bias
She Stoops to Conquer is not explicitly a study on class but the theme is central to it. The decisions the characters make and their perspectives on one another, are all largely based on what class they are a part Where Tony openly loves low-class people like the drunks in the Three Pigeons, Marlow must hide his love of low-class women from his father and "society." His dynamic relationship with Kate (and the way he treats her) is defined by who he thinks she is at the time from high-class Kate to a poor barmaid to a woman from a good family but with no fortune. Hastings' and Marlow's reaction to Hardcastle is also a great example of the importance of class they find him impudent and absurd, because they believe him to be of low class, but his behaviour would be perfectly reasonable and expected from member of the upper class, as he truly is. Class bias manifests in the way some of the characters respond to one another and situations. For instance, until Kate
teaches him a lesson, Marlow responds to women solely on the basis of their status in society. He looks down on women of the lower class but is wholly at ease around them: he esteems women of the upper class but shy around them. Like the London society in which he was brought up, he assumes that all women of a certain class think and act according to artificial and arbitrary standards expected of that class. As for Mrs Hardcastle, she appea to assess a person by the value of his or her possessions.

Analysis of the Theme of Class, power and social status In She Stoops to Conquer

Class, power and social status
Class, power and social status can be examined by comparatively looking at men vs. women; parents vs. children; rich vs. poor; young vs. old. Whilst our sex is decided at birth, our gender is much more about society's views of masculinity and femininity. In the play, Goldsmith makes us laugh at the way men and women, as fathers, mothers, lovers, young and old, rich and poor behave but in doing so he also raises important questions about society. Consider the presentation of the differing relationships between Kate and her father and Tony and his mother; consider the powerlessness of women and their consequent need for men with money; and just why does Mrs Hardcastle feel the need to keep hold of the jewels? In Act II, Mrs Hardcastle fakes sophistication with Hastings but, through Goldsmith's use of dramatic irony, we recognize her falseness.

Analysis of the Theme of Love has no regard for social In She Stoops to Conquer

Love has no regard for social boundaries Although prevailing attitudes among England's elite classes frown on romance between one of their own and a person of humble origin, Marlow cannot help falling in love with acommon binmair (who is, of course, Kate in disguise).

Analysis of the Theme of Hope for flawed humanity In She Stoops to Conquer

Hope for flawed humanity
Although Marlow makes a fool of himself as a result of his upper class bias Kate has enough common sense to see through London arrogance encasing him and and to appreciate him for his genuinely good qualities which are considerable once He allow them to surface. Mrs Hardcastle, in spite of her misguided values, also enjoys the love if her practical, down to earth husband. He too, is willing to look beyond her foibles in favour of her good points.

Analysis of the Theme of Trickery and mockery In She Stoops to Conquer

Trickery and mockery
laugh Marlow being duped yet it is through this mocking that Goldsmith more easily drives home criticisms of society and its views on, for example, fathers and mothers, femininity, d marriage. In Act IV, Hastings' letter to Tony acts as a metaphor for the play's theme of deception and disguise; with the refined handwriting perhaps making it indecipherable, much as the surface
refinements of "genteel life" hide the "true" person underneath.

Analysis of the Theme of Deceit/Trickery In She Stoops to Conquer

Much of this play's comedy comes from the trickery played by various characters. The inost important deceits come from Tony, including his lie about Hardcastle's home and his scheme of driving his mother and Constance around in circles. However, deceit also reaches to the centre of the play's more major themes. In a sense, the only reason anyone learns anything about their deep assumptions about class and behaviour is because they are duped into seeing characters in different ways, This truth is most clear with Marlow and his shifting perspective on Kate, but it is also true for the Hardcastles Charles, who are able to see the in others because of what trickery Apparently, appearance vs. reality: openness and truth vs deception: fine speech actions, become the tools for navigating this theme.

Analysis of the Theme of Appearance Vs. Reality In She Stoops to Conquer

Appearance Vs. Reality
much of the comedy and reality
play depends on between appearance and reality. After all Marlow's misperception of Mr Hardcastle's house as an inn drives the narrative action in the first place. Ironically, Goldsmith's comedy allows appearance to lead to the discovery of Kate's deception leads her to discover Marlow's true nature. Falling in love when he thinks barmaid, he declares his decision to defy society and marry her her a class. Her falsehood in spite of the differences in their social allows him to relax with her and reveal his true self.

Analysis of the Theme of Behaviour/Appearance In She Stoops to Conquer

One of the elements Goldsmith most criticizes' in his play's satirical moments is the aristocratic emphasis on behaviour as a gauge of character. Even though we today believe that one's behaviour in terms of "low" versus "high" class behaviour does not necessarily indicate who someone is. many characters in the play a often blinded to a character's behaviour because of an assumption
For instance, Marlow and Hastings treat Hardcastle cruelly because they think him the landlord of and are confused by his behaviour, which seems 'brazen'. The same behaviour would have seemed appropriately high-class if they had not been fooled by Tony. Throughout the play, characters (especially Marlow) assume they understand someone's behaviour when what truly guides them is their
assumption of the other character's class.

Analysis of the Theme of The love of appearance over substance In She Stoops to Conquer

The love of appearance over substance
This is very much 'noticeable' as a theme in this play. It is manifest in many small symbols, like the way Marlow and Hastings decide how to dress in order to best present themselves, or the way
Hardcastle seeks comfort over age, hoping it will not make her unfashionable. Yet the truth is that the "high" appearance of things is not the truth, but merely a guise behind which lies the baser
nature of humans. Much of this thematic content is apparent in the act's signature scene, the meeting of Kate and Marlow. Many things are happening here. Firstly, it is a wonderful parody of sentimental dialogue. One would expect the two lovers in a sentimental comedy (a think of today's romantic comedies) to express acceptable philosophies about life to one another, but here, Marlow is shy unable to say anything, and it is the woman who has to put those words in his mouth. It is as though that is leading him into the sentimental conversation expected of them, while all the while she enjoys of situation. However, the substance ofthe conversation does touch on the play's theme: the importance of living, rather than observing life. Ironically, Marlow believes he has only engaged in the latter, because he lacks adeptness at speaking with modest women. Kate, on the other hand, believes that Marlow's lively nature (which she has not seen yet) is the way to actually experience life. He has been blinded by aristocratic expectation to look down on his own pursuits, while right in front of his face is an aristocratic woman who would value such in him if he had the courage to reveal it.

Analysis of the Theme of Truth and falsehood In She Stoops to Conquer

Truth and falsehood
Thematically related to the theme of appearance and reality, Goldsmith uses falsehood to reveal the truth. Most obviously Tony's lie about Mr Hardcastle's mansion being an inn produces the truth of the lovers' affections. Lying also leads to poetic justice. When Constance asks to wear her jewels, Mrs Hardcastle lies and tells her they have been lost. Tony takes the jewels to give to Hastings, and when Mrs Hardcastle goes to find them, they have been lost. Her lie has become true.

Analysis of the Theme of Sex roles In She Stoops to Conquer

Sex roles
In many ways, Goldsmith's She Stoops to Conquer satirizes the ways the eighteenth-century society believed that proper men and women ought to behave. While the play shows the traditional pattern of male-female relations in Hastings's wooing of Constance, it also reverses the era's sexual etiquette

Analysis of the Theme of Money In She Stoops to Conquer

One of the factors that keeps the play pragmatic even when it veers close to contrivance and sentiment is the unavoidable importance of money. While some of the characters, like Marlow and Hardcastle, are mostly unconcerned with questions of money, there are several characters whose lives are largely
defined by a lack of access to it. Constance cannot run away with Hastings because she worries about a life without her inheritance. When Marlow thinks Kate is a poor relation of the Hardcastles, he cannot get himself to propose because of her lack of dowry. In the case of Tony, he seems to live a life unconcerned with wealth, although the implicit truth is that his dalliances (flirtations) are facilitated by having access to wealth.

Analysis of the Theme of Money breeds indolence In She Stoops to Conquer

Money breeds indolence
Tony will get 1,500 pounds a year when he comes of age. Thus, without financial worries, he devotes himself to ale and a do-nothing life.

Analysis of the Theme of Culture: old vs. new; age vs. youth; In She Stoops to Conquer

Culture: old vs. new; age vs. youth; country vs. city Goldsmith creates a clash of cultures between country and city. We laugh at the reactionary nature of Hardcastle but also at the empty superficiality of Marlow: neither way of life is presented as ideal. Goldsmith undercuts the surface sophistication of city types by contrasting them with Tony Lumpkin a man often of blunt and unsophisticated common sense. This is evident from the very first scene where Hardcastle himself as old in age and manner in contrast to the youth of bis daughter and city ideals embraced by Hardcastle.

Analysis of the Theme of Moderation In She Stoops to Conquer

Throughout the play runs a conflict between the refined attitudes of town and the simple behaviours of
the country. The importance of this theme is underscored by the fact that it is the crux of the opening disagreement between Hardcastle and his wife. Where country characters like Hardcastle see town manners as pretentious, town characters like Marlow see country manners as 'rustic'. The best course
of action is proposed through Kate, who is praised by Marlow as having a "refined simplicity." Having lived in the city.... she is able to appreciate the values of both sides of life and can find happiness in
appreciating the contradictions that exist between them.

Analysis of the Theme of Contradiction In She Stoops to Conquer

Many of the characters in the play desire that the others are simple to understand. This in many ways mirrors the expectations ofan audience that Goldsmith wishes to mock. Where his characters are initially presented as comic types, he spends time throughout the play complicating them all by showing their contradictions. Most clear are the contradictions within Marlow, who is both refined and base. The final happy ending comes when the two oldest men-Hardcastle and Sir Charles decide to accept the contradictions in their children. In a sense, this theme helps to understand Goldsmith's purpose in the play, reminding us that all people are worthy of being miocked because of their silly, base natures. and no one is above reproach.

Analysis of the Theme of Comedy In She Stoops to Conquer

Though it is only explicitly referred to in the prologue, an understanding of Goldsmith's play in context shows his desire to reintroduce his audience to the "laughing comedy that deived from a
long history of comedy that mocks human vice. This type of comedy stands in contrast to the then-popular “sentimental comedy” that praised
virtues and reinforced bourgeois mentality. Understanding Goldsmith’s love of the former helps to clarify several elements of the play: the low scene in the Three Pigeons; the mockery of baseness in even the most high-bred characters; and the celebration of absurdity as a fact of human life.

Analysis of the Theme of Money Breeds Indolence In She Stoops to Conquer

Money Breeds Indolence
Tony Lumpkin will get 1,500 pounds a year when he comes of age. Thus, without financial worries, he devotes himself to ale and a do-nothing life.

She Stoops to Conquer Language and style

Language and style of She Stoops to Conquer

Style is a distinctive form: a distinctive and identifiable form in an artistic medium such as literature. In She Stoops to Conquer Goldsmith employs wry, witty, and simple but graceful style. From beginning to end, the play is both entertaining and easy to understand, presenting few words and idioms that modern audiences would not understand. It is also well constructed and moves along rapidly, the events of the first act in particular, references to Tony Lumpkin's childhood propensity for working mischief and playing practical jokes-foreshadowing the events of the following acts. There are frequent scene changes, punctuated by an occasional appearance of a character alone on the stage (solus in the stage directions) reciting a briefaccount of his feelings. In modern terms, the play is a page-turner for readers.

Goldsmith observes the classical unities of time and place, for the action of the play takes place in a single locale (the English countryside) on a single day. Some of the forms used by the playwright to achieve his style are examined below.

Type of Comedy in She Stoops to Conquer

There have been different opinions on what type of comedy She Stoops to Conquer represents. However, there is a consensus amongst audiences and critics that the play is a comedy of manners.
It can also be seen as one of the following comedy types:

Laughing comedy or sentimental comedy When the play was first produced, it was discussed as an example of the revival of laughing comedy over the sentimental comedy seen as dominant on the English stage since the success of The Conscious Lovers, written by Sir Richard Steele in 1722. In the same year, an essay in a London magazine, entitled "An Essay on the Theatre; or, a Comparison between Laughing and Sentimental Comedy", suggested that sentimental comedy, a false form of comedy, had taken over the boards from the older and more truly comic laughing comedy. Some theatre historians believe that the essay was written by Goldsmith as a puff piece for She Stoops to Conquer, as an exemplar of the laughing comedy which Goldsmith (perhaps) had touted. Goldsmith's name was linked with that of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, author of The Rivals and The School for Scandal, as standard-bearers for the resurgent laughing comedy.

Comedy of manners in She Stoops to Conquer

The play can also be seen as a comedy of manners, where, set in a polite society, the comedy arises from the gap between the characters' attempts to preserve standards of polite behaviour that contrasts to their true behaviour. While She Stoops to Conquer contains elements of farce, its comedy also stems from poking fun at the manners and conventions of aristocratic, sophisticated society.

Romantic comedy in She Stoops to Conquer

IIt is also seen by some critics as a romantic comedy, which depicts how seriously young people take love, and how foolishly it makes them behave (similar to Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream) in She Stoops to Conquer, Kate's stooping and Marlow's nervousness are good examples of romantic comedy.
Alternatively, it can be seen as a satire, where characters are presented as either ludicrous or eccentric Such a comedy might leave the impression that the characters are either too foolish or corrupt to ever reform, hence Mrs Hardcastle.

comedy of errors in She Stoops to Conquer

The lay is sometimes described as a farce and a comedy of errors, because it is based on multiple misunderstandings, hence Marlow and Hastings believing the Hardcastles' house is an inn.

The Three Unities in She Stoops to Conquer

the dramatic technique of the three unities is employed by Goldsmith to some extent in She stoops to Conquer.

The Unity of Action in She Stoops to Conquer

Unity of action is not strictly followed here, because of the inclusion of the Constance-Hastings eloping subplot that distracts from the main narrative of the play. However, it shares similar themes of relationships and what makes the best one's choice mutual attraction or the arrangement of a parent or guardian. Furthermore, the subplot is interwoven with the main plot,vespecially when Hastings and Marlow confront Tony regarding his mischief plotting.

The Unity of Time in She Stoops to Conquer

The alternative title of Mistakes of a Night illustrates that the Unity of Time is carefully observed. With all of the events occurring in a single night, the plot becomes more stimulatingvas well as lending more plausibility to the series of unlucky coincidences that conspire against the Visitors.

The Unity of Place in She Stoops to Conquer

Whilst some may question whether She stoops to Conquer contains the unity of place after all, the scene at the "The Three Pigeons" is set apart from the house but the similarity between the alehouse and the "old rumbling mansion, that looks all the world like an inn" is one of close resemblance; enough that in past performances, the scenes have often doubled up the use of the anne set backdrop. Also, there is some debate as to whether the excursion to "Crackskull common" counts as a separate setting, but since the truth is that the travellers do not leave the mansion gardens. the unity of place is not violated.

Age of Sensibility in She StooptruthConquer

Many works written between 1750 and 1798 emphasized emotion and pathos, instead of drama and humour The sentimental comedy, called a comedy not because of its humour but because it had a happy ending, ruled the stage. She Stoops to Conquer reacts against this tradition, for Goldsmith's comedy actually evokes laughter. The prologue by Garrick and the epilogue by Goldsmith clearly situate the play as a challenge to sensibility, and positive audience response initiated a new age in stage comedy,

Prologue and Epilogue

Prologue in the play, though not written by Goldsmith, is used to pass a direct message to the audience on why the play was written; a rare example where a playwright justifies his/her creative effort. It is a wish for the revival of classical low comedy over sentimental comedy. In the concluding statement of ItShe stoops to Conquer, Goldsmith summarizes the plot and hopes that the comedy has conquered his audience as Kate has conquered Marlow's heart.

Foreshadowing in She Stoops to Conquer

Goldsmith uses foreshadowing to create expectations and explain subsequent developments. For example, Mrs Hardcastle in act one describes their house as "an rumbling mansion, that looks for.all the world like an inn"(p. 1). This helps the audience to understand what gave Tony the idea for his practical joke and generally Act I is full of set-up for the rest of the play.

Dramatic Irony in She Stoops to Conquer

Being a device of giving the spectator an item of information that at least one of the characters in Ntthe drama is unaware of (at least consciously), thus placing the spectator a step ahead of at least one
the characters, Goldsmith uses it for dramatic effectiveness. Through dramatic irony, the plot and characterization are strengthened to of mistaken identities in the play The main plot in She stoops to conquer is designed to match-make Mariow and Kate for marriage is clearly to determine whether Kate will marry Marlow while the primary is whether Constance will marry Hastings. In unveiling the main plot, a lot of mix-ups set in necessitating a number of subplots. One of the subplots i
a comic misunderstanding among Hastings, Marlow and Mr Hardcastle. Before his acquaintance with Kate, Marlow sets out for the Hardcastles his Hastings, himself an admirer
Miss Constance Neville, another young l lady who with the Hardcastles.
Tony Lumpkin (the son of Mrs Hardcastle and who will acquire a fortune
n becoming of "age"), encounters the two strangers at the alehouse, and realizing their identities, practical joke by telling them that they are a long way from their destination and will have to stay overnight at an inn. He furthers the joke by telling the twosome the Hardcastles' old house is the inn, thus the pair arrive and treat it as such, and also treat Hardcastle as a mere innkeeper. This leads to Hardcastle becoming both enraged and convinced that Marlow is inappropriate for his beloved he changes behind Marlow's This subplot sets motion the agenda for mistaken identities. Another subplot is that of the secret affair between Miss Neville and Hastings. Neville desperately wants her jewels that were left for her, and that are guarded by ber aunt
and Tony's mother, Mrs Hardcastle, the latter wants Neville to marry son to keep the jewels in the family. Tony Constance (Miss and thus to bis jewe The main
Neville, so he will then flee to France with Hastings. This sub-plot is later inter-woven with plot. Further, there is an additional subplot of whether the Hardcastles will their dif play, it
over whether old or new is superior. While this subplot never directly affects the action of the thematically important, and is worth giving attention, The beauty of this style is that all the way or the other help to advance the main plot either way of thematic exploration
effectiveness. Through all these plots, Goldsmith plays the groundwork for his
and respectability.

Summary of She Stoops to Conquer

She Stoops to Conquer: Summary

Prologue Mr. Woodward, a contemporary comic actor, walks on stage weeping at the death of comedy. His last hope is that Goldsmith's play will make him laugh and revive the comic arts. (This prologue was written by the era's foremost actor and producer, David Garrick).

Act I, Scene i
Mr. Hardcastle has selected for his daughter's husband someone neither have met, the son of his old friend, Sir
Charles Marlow. Kate fears she will not like him because her father described him as handsome but reserved.

Act I, Scene ii
At the Three Pigeons Tavem, Hardcastle's
stepson, Tony Lumpkin, sings with his drinking buddies. The landlord interrupts, saying that two London gentlemen have lost their way. As a joke, Tony tells the men, Marlow and Hastings, that they remain far from their destination, Hardcastle's house. Then, Tony directs them lo his stepfather's house, describing it as an inn, run by an eccentric innkeeper who fancies
himself a gentleman.

Act II, Scene i
Hardcastle expects a visit from his prospective son-in-law, Marlow, and explains to the servants how they are to behave. Because the Hardcastles seldom see company, their servants are farmhands and become confused
when Hardcastle explains their duties.
Marlow explains to Hastings that while he can be affable and boisterous with serving women and barmaids, he remains painfully shy among proper ladies. Tricked by Tony, Marlow and Hastings mistake Hardcastle for a common innkeeper. Instead of treating him
like a country gentleman, they behave rudely.
Hastings meets Miss Constance Neville, the niece of Mrs. Hardcastle, and is surprised to find her in an inn.
She corrects his mistake, explaining that this is not the Buck's Head Inn but Hardcastle's house. Hastings urges
her to elope with him. Constance hedges,
reluctant to leave behind her inheritance of jewels, which Mrs. Hardcastle greedily guards. Hastings approves of her plan to get the jewels but suggests they tell
Marlow nothing. Hastings fears that if the reserved Marlow discovers that the mansion is not an inn, his embarrassment would drive him to leave, disrupting the lovers' plan.

She Stoops to Conquer: Summary

Plot Account of She Stoops to Conquer

She Stoops to Conquer starts with a prologue in which an actor mourns the death of the classical low comedy at the altar of sentimental, "mawkish" comedy. He hopes that Dr Goldsmith can remedy this problem through the play about to be presented. Country gentleman Mr Hardcastle wishes to marry off his daughter Kate to his very respectable friend's son, Young Marlow. An exciting and romantic night is anticipated at Mr Hardcastle's country home for this purpose. Kate is to be visited by her father's choice of a husband for her, young Marlow, the son of Sir Charles Marlow, Mr Hardcastle's oldest friend. Kate has not yet seen her intended with
his to come young Mr Hastings to call on his sweetheart Constance Neville, Mrs Hardcastle's niece and Kate's dearest friend. Mrs Hardcastle hopes for a match between her son, Tony Lumpkin, Kate's Half brother, and Constance, though both Constance and Tony detest each other. Marlow and Hastings, having lost their way during the post-chaise trip from the city, stop for directions at the Three Pigeons Tavern where Tony, as usual, is whiling away the evening with drink, flirtations and practical jokes. On hearing the travellers' destination, Tony gets the inspiration for what nceives to be a great prank: he tells Marlow and Hastings that they can never reach the Hardcastle home at night over the dangerous path that lies before them, and that, since the Three Pigeons is crowded, they had best go a mile farther to Buck's Head, easily identified by a pair of horns on the door He advises them to drive into the yard "and call stoutly about you." The young men thank him and leave, unaware that Tony has, in reality, sent them to the Hardcastles' home.
Upon arrival, Marlow and Hastings believe Mr Hardcastle to be the innkeeper, and they brusquely about, demanding supper and ignoring his attempts at a host's affability. Marlow insists upon going upstairs to inspect his bed personally, and while he is absent, Constance walks into the room. When Hastings asks what she is doing at the "inn," she exposes the hoax. Hastings warns Constance that the sensitive Marlow must not be allowed to learn the truth, for he might leave at once, humiliated because of his rude conduct, and so spoil their plans
These plans provide for the elopement of Hastings and Constance-just as soon she does so possession of her fortune in jewels which Mrs Hardcastle has carefully locked up. Until they decide to continue to carry out Tony's fraud, Hastings telling Marlow that, by chance, Constance and Kate also are guests at the inn. But the meeting of Marlow and Kate is hardly for the bashful Marlow blushes and stammers stupid compliments. Kate later tells her father that she will have
Hif wkward address, his bashful manner, his hesitating timidity, struck me at first sight. Her father is amazed at her words. Says he: "Then your first sight deceived you, child, for I think him one most brazen sights that ever astonished my senses. He met me with a loud voice, a lordly air a familiarity that made my blood freeze." He and Kate agree to await further developments before pronouncing judgement on Marlow's true nature, and Kate disguises herself as a maid. Marlow, looking.her closely for the first time, assumes her to be "a female of the other class" with which he has never been ill at ease, and he becomes the assured gallant. He tries to kiss her.

Kate protests: "Pray, Sir, keep your distance I'm sure you did not treat Miss Hardcastle that was here a while ago in this obstreperous manner." Marlow replies airily: "Who cares for Miss Hardcastle mere awkward, squinting thing
But you He tries again to embrace her Kate escapes, but not before the irate Mr Hardcastle has arrived to see the scuffle. He demands that Marlow leave his house at once. Marlow tells him to bring his bill and make no more words about it. Mr Hardcastle replies:
Young man, from your father's letter to me, I was taught to expect a well-bred, modest man, but now l find you no better than a coxcomb and a bully! But Sir Charles will be down here presently and you shall hear more of it!" In bewilderment, Marlow calls to the "barmaid," Kate, to clear up the muddle.
She tells him that he is, indeed, in the Hardcastle home, and that she lives there as "a poor relation Marlow, covered with mortification, is prepared to leave at once, but begins to realize his maid, and Kate begins to suspect that he is, after all, quite bearable

In the meantime, the romance ofHastings and Constance is not doing well. To clear the path for their elopement, the helpful Tony, who wants Constance out of the way because she is a threat thas stolen her jewels from Mrs Hardcastle and has given them to Hasting For safekeeping, Hastings has passed them along to Marlow. Marlow, who has thought Mrs Hardcastle only the landlady of the inn has tamed them over to .her to take care of She thus learns of Constance's intended elopement. To put an end to this plan and forward ber hope that Tony shall be Constance's husband, Mrs Hardcastle orders Constance off to her Aunt Pedigree's, summoning Tony to drive Constance and herself there at Once. Tony agrees, and the three start off into the night.

Then Sir Charles arrives. He joins with Mr Hardcastle in a hearty laugh over his son's bewilderment though they assume that the youth, by now, is wholly aware of the truth. But young Marlow still thinks the maid and Kate are different persons, and when twitted by Mr. Hardcastle over his ardent behaviour toward his daughter, replies: "By all that's just and true, sir, l never gave Miss Hardcastle the slightest mark of my attachment." He leaves the room, and now the fathers are completely bewildered. They ask Kate if Marlow has made love to her. "I must say he has," she declares. The fathers decide to watch when the young folk meet again, and they hear Marlow, still believing Kate to be the poor relation, declare his love for her and offer marriage. The two men come forward to reproach him for is hypocrisy, and Hardcastle says: "What have you to say for yourself now, young man you can a lady in private and deny it in public; you have one story for us and another for my daughter Marlow then learns that the maid, in reality, is Kate. He can only say:
Oh the devil" The tangle now unravelled, the young people are happily betrothed

Good fortune also comes to Hastings and Constance. The irrepressible of taking party to Aunt Pedigree's, has driven them for hours around the hardcastle ground, jouncing through every mud-hole to make the trip more miserable, before finally bringing the carriage to a halt at the end
f the Hardcastle garden. The exhausted Mrs. Hardcastle is in no mood to reproach Tony or even to oppose the match between Hastings and Constance, although she does insist upon retaining released to jewels. A condition of the custody of Constance's fortune, however, is that the jewels shall be Llbought
ber if Tony, upon coming of age, refuses to mamy her Mr Hardcastle then tells Tony: "While Iilulu In mndurf to your improvement, I concurred with your mothers desire to keep it secret. But since I find that she turns it to a wrong use, I must now declare that you have been of age these three months."
"Then," says Tony, "you'll see the first use I'll make of my liberty." He formally renounces Constance, removing the last barrier to the double match. Constance and Hastings, her true love, then get engaged There are two epilogues generally printed to the play, one ofwhich sketches in metaphor Goldsmith's attempt to bring comedy back to its traditional roots, and the other of which suggests Tony Lumpkin has adventures yet to be realized.


Monday, 4 December 2017

Last Days at Forcados High School

Critical Analysis of Last Days at Forcados High School

Table of Content

1. Summary of All Chapters in "The Last Days at Forcados High School Day"

2. Short Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

3. Questions and answers from The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

4. Roles and Analysis of Important Characters in The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

5. Roles and Analysis of All Characters in The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

6. Download The Last Days at Forcados High School PDF

7. About A.H Mohammed [The Author]

Short Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

“As he begins his final year in senior secondary together with his friends, the sweet-hearted and devout Nene and Ansa , the nerdy art genius, he’s determined it’s going to be his best year yet.
But Jimi’s rogue brother, Wole , is back – which means trouble can’t be far behind.

Then there’s Efua , the beautiful and mysterious new girl in class who seems to have no time for boys – including Jimi.

But when Jimi’s mother falls ill, he realizes that things are about to change – and not necessarily in a good way.”

A funny and honest book about self-discovery, family, friendship, tolerance and the highs and lows of life as a modern Nigerian teenager.

Told in straightforward language, A.H. Mohammed never talks down to readers.

Instead, Last Days stands out with its realistic situations, original characters and deft storytelling.

Summary of All Chapters in "The Last Days at Forcados High School


Literature Syllabus For JAMB 2018

Click here to Read or Download literature key point

Click here to Read or Download our English Language keypoint

Critical Analysis of the 2018 Recommended UTME Jamb novel 'IN DEPENDENCE' by Sarah Ladipo Manyika'

CHAPTER 1 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

The room where Jimi Solade slept in belongs to his elder brother who has left home for some reasons. Wole entered very early in the morning to wake Jimi unexpectedly – Amazingly the both were surprised to see each other again in that very long period. They hugged lovingly and exchanged pleasantries that could transpires between brothers. The alarm cut their conversation which made Jimi get preparing for school, while Wole lied on the bed looking around the room feeling nostalgic about home. Jimi entering into the bathroom with the anxiety mixed with pleasures of seeing his brother again. Wole squeezed his arm highly to show a sign of I missed you. While Wole rummages the room, his eyes fell on a wrist watch which was in the mid of Jimi’s CD’s and textbooks. Don’t touch my watch’ Jimi voice splattered at Wole not to touch the watch. He knew Wole forhaving zest for good things. Inherently, Wole expresses his mind of Jimi having to enjoy better things than he does. However Wole took some money from his brother drawer ton keep body and soul, which Jimi is never bothered about. Mother was in the kitchen with Risikat the house maid while, Wole sat on the cushion hung chair to watch early morning cartoons, Jimi ate moin – moin and brown pap for breakfast. Mr. Solade woke up from his bed and came out with Kemi his wife name on his lips as he stumbled on one who greeted him ‘good morning, Papa’ – It’s Wole his Son whom he’s sent away from home since. He screamed in unfriendly manner which attracted Mrs. Solade from the kitchen to see whom has made his husband to be ranting that morning. She tried to calm him down but rather he bust into fury the more Jimi knew at that stage his father is enraptured already in anger. As the father asked Wole to leave his house immediately without any complaints. Mrs Solade shunted Kola to stop ranting and taking the issue to an extreme. After several plea to calm mr. Solade he left them in the parlour after he’s affirmed his stand about Wole to leave his house. She collapsed unto a chair as Mrs. Solade is already exhausted and tired of the whole saga. Wole didn’t feel too bad about the scenario that took place but rather he mentioned that’ he’s not a serious man as he grimed. Mother promised to relate the matter to uncle Shola who could talk to him. Jimi could not finish his breakfast because he lost appetite to do as he left the rest of the meal on the dining ruminating about this father’s irrational behaviors he’s unhappy. Outside the gate he tries to listen if he will hear the buses or the conductor sanding in their usual way already. Someone call out his name from afar – its next door neighbor and school mate - Ansa Izaegbegbe.

CHAPTER2 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

Jimi and Ansa were in school early before the assembly commences. Jimi is one of the prefects in the school-At eight o’clock the head boy Seyi Lawal has started his duty to conduct the assembly which is quite of fun for him. The school Forcados high school has just resumed from the long holiday. The school hold great pride and honour because of the achievements the alma mater has gained in several competitions. The school is described with such modesty of a modern day edifice surrounded with beautiful flowers. The students were given a name as artificial; however, they have defeated other schools in assembly sessions of usual routine Mr Mallun the principal, a stout and slim man with a day accent welcomed all the students and announced officially the WAEC that will take place soon. The students left the assembly in procession into their various classes as Jimi and Ansa have a different moments with other classmates, sharing their past holiday experience with excitement. However, Ansa had a little attention as most students crowded round Jimi. The first days of term were always very cumbersome as same old faces show case their new style of dressing new phones and other things they could show off. Ansa detest the whole new secrecy as old because he’s come back to the same ugly moments in class especially people like Okoro the gorilla, the disturbing teacher Mr. Bade nicknamed as Cane who always find fault with students and willing to flog at any slight mistake, the musical hip-hop group ‘Rhymers’, Eze the die-hard contestant with Jimi in chemistry class and the nicknamed Queen bee who is Caro Jimi’s girlfriend. Jimi is exceptional child loved by all apart from being good in his academics, he’s also a toast when it comes to sporting activities in school. Ansa took pride in him that he think aloud about him that – ‘some people have all the hick’. The only thing Ansa could do is to paint. He’s of diverge talent with his friend Jimi. One of their friends lived in the same street with them she’s known as Nene Ekpo a plump girl with short plaits that makes her have a round face. Nana greeted Ansa and shared a secret she’s earnest napped about the new girl Efua who’s street a stone thrown to their houses that the new girl joins the SS3 students soon. After school Jimi relaxes behind a block of class rooms, an empty class where he eases off the tension that has encumbered him lately. The thought of his brother Wole entered him and several moments they had shared together, especially times they stored against their eldest brother Femi. The changes that has taken over Wole baffle him to sore that he wonder what may be of him soon after all Wole has passed through in hairs expulsion from the university, his waywardness the last time he visited by forging father’s sign at me to his account as he made away with some huge amount of money. He resolved in his mind that nothing would bother him anymore as he has a lot face with in the future. While he’s in that thought something jostled him abruptly which is the head boy summoning him for perfects meeting with the principal at his office. As they were about to enter the principal office they stumbled into two persons – an old woman dressed in a native attire and the other a young lady who had an unexplainable look not wearing uniform. Seyi asked Jimi who are they? Don’t know – Jimi muttered.

CHAPTER 3 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School

There’re two people in a bobbling taxi car the girl Efua is of a gentle behavior while her mother complains throughout their journey until they get to a grey building, where funmi’s mother lived. She’s also moni the aunt to Efua. The mother came to drop her with his sister and promised to send a cheque for her to keep. However aunt Moni has discusses nothing important to her than forcados high school and those are affiliates to it like Nene Ekpo daughter of Pastor Ekpo. Efua is whereby accepted to stay with her aunty. Later on the day Nene and her mother visited Efua’s place where they were introduced to each other by Aunty moni, They get to know each other. Efua is a science student while Nene is commercial student. Afterwards they heard the girls’ talk about several other things. The next day Jimi carried out his duties on the assembly the new girl is on the assembly with nene watching the razzmatazz of Jimi as he prowl round the lines. Who is that girl – Jimi asked Ansa. Eventually, Efua met with the boys who are inquisitive about her arrival. The academic activity for the day as been lovely except for the first class where Mr bade barked at her, however she becomes a thing for question by other teachers too. Amongst the teacher is the middle age woman who teaches Maths .they seem to detest Efua because they believe new intakes would however the result of the school A bird brain .she’s summoned to Mr mallums office for question . it’s not easy to accept you the principal said Efua is a brilliant student .the straight A type she mistook for spoilt child the principal .the principal looked intenth at her after much discussion, you are under probation she left the principal’s office quietly as she discarded the gently behavior .she baffled at Mr mallums investigative by consult her former principal Mrs Obange, she ruminate over all that has happened to her in Abuja, her waywardness and all attitudes she took part in overtime she burst into tears .

CHAPTER 4 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School

Jimi returned from school to meet his father in a surely mood- he’s looking for his briefcase. He lost his appetite on the verge. Not too long Mrs Solade came out with the briefcase. Mr Solade muttered that or maybe he did and you’ve covering up for him” Jimi unconsciously spoke for his mother. Don’t talk to her like that. He uttered. Mr Solade pick up on him furiously. Mrs. Solade pleaded for him. The father stormed out with parts words – you see all of them ….. Bad! Jimi was happy that good riddance to bad things. Not too long, saw the parents through window flirting with each other Wole came home after Mr. Solade had left. With the intention to catch from with his brother which later culminated to going out to have some fun, they ended up at a dead end street with several uncompleted buildings where Jimi witnesses the unexpected at the expense of his decency and good habits. Although, he’s been in bad mood throughout the day. At the bar, Jimi decided to behave like a coded man’ however, trying to cover up his nervousness that the ugly face and dread lock man has seen and capitalizes on to make Jimi get drunk. While the men ensured that the brothers be soaked with alcohol to the extreme, there are whores in the corner. The Rat – face man worsened the saturation when he introduces – Indian hemp. However, Wole has lost himself in the fun of the moments Jimi just went not when the uniformed men invaded the spot. Jimi escaped the raid of the uniformed men by a slim chance. After mid night Wole came home with confidence like a hero who returned from war. He went to where Jimi’s jeans is hang and pulled out a packed of marijuana which amazes Jimi to worry.

Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School

Efua alone in her sacred room writing .where she turn into a world of her own. there she nostalgic about her formal; school St Catherine .little diary where she scripted her mind .At school every male student find her attractive while students nick names her (a witch) because of the way she decides to appears in dealing with other . Jimi has eyed her several turns that she ignored him .he took bow step to approach her –yet she snobs him .Jimi tried to attack her and she reacted in a way that made her exchange hot words with Jimi .After which Mr vann the physics teacher entered the class .In the class Jimi answer the question brilliant that also poked efua to jealousy. Jolly is one of the rude boy in school who saw Efua and tried to hold her -- eventually they had harsh agreement that made them face off.Nene approached her later and advised her about having clash with Jolly who is one of the unpleasant boys .as Nene and efua passed by they come across caro and Jimi the lover arguing in a hissing tone - the duo have been getting on since class two .Nene wonder how they both get along for her she dislike caro a lot .Nene and Efua also shared a little talk about Jimi .as they did talk and walked passed Jimi stared at them while he joined Bayo at the football pitch.

CHAPTER 6 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

It’s not really raining as Nene Ekpo crossed the busy street home. She listed her duties at the moment. One of it is to pick up her youngest brother from school one way or the other she gets late. Nene is a well behave girl that her parents put confidence in her. She is prompt to school, helps in the children department at church and do all her domestic duties nicely. Lately, she’s been friendly with the minor looking at how she’s been made to her judgment she’s far from being beautiful. However, she concluded that “I wish I were Pretty, I’m plain Jane. In the evening Efua visited Nene at home, met her and Mrs Ekpo in the kitchen where they had prepare a pot of stew still on fire. Efua is asked to watch the boiling meat and she picked the cover of the pot eagerly while Nene placed down the plates for meal to be served. Your mother is a nice person Efua tells Nene. Nene uses the medium to introduce Jimi’s mother and implore that Efua gets close to Jimi. However, Efua still feels reluctant about the discussion. Nene ruminates over all that has transpired between her and Efua and well has she dislike Jimi and what made her mentioned Caro’s name? Caro has labelled her ‘fashion blinder’. However, she resolves that she shouldn’t have talked about her in the first place. Although Jimi and Ansa has been friends with since their primary school days for Ansa he’s a small and thin person and very shy with that, he’s confided in her many things. Moreover, Nene and Ansa are birds of the same feathers in nature not too beautiful but they’re both gifted children. Nene possesses a good voice in singing and that makes her look beautiful. Nene knew all about Jimi and his family troubles. Jimi sees Nene as his best girlfriend for keeping his secrets and always has been there for him most times when he’s in trouble times. Nene thought of Jimi’s escapades with girls nowadays and the too much interest that he seems to show towards Efua it calls for questioning. She’s perturbed about the whole new scenes, and tries to dissuade the thought when her younger brother cuts her short.

CHAPTER 7 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

During the fifth week into the term the principal introduced to the science class a new teacher Miss Agbenenovi, a corper who wants to be addressed as Miss Novi she takes the place of the former English teacher Mr. Salam occasionally. At the assembly the class gathered to plan the mid-term dinner party. Jimi was part of the organizing committee. Caro bumped into Efua intentionally as she made drop the books in her hand. Efua had a girl in her company Joke who called Caro ‘A Horrible Person’. On the verge notifies Efua about the latest gossip of who? Jimi Solade who has been ladies boy lately. However, Efua has realized that all hate her for unfriendly manners cum Jimi the boy who have started flirting with her. She’s tensed up and said ‘Juvenile Klumps’. Nene Ekpo leads the team of singers at the party as all things are set for the show to commence. As the party kicks into its full sway something happened unexpectedly that give a loud thump and made people scared a boy from the junior class have slumped. The corper, teacher aptly took over the scene and gives the first aid to the boy which is the first thing to do in such a situation. Afterwards take him to the health centre for proper care. The mid-term party continues as things as come to normal the DJ dishing out the vibes and announces that everyone come to the dance floor. Jide the smallest boy in the class was the first victim of Efua’s rejection which spoilt the mood of the one that ask her for dance and several others after. Efua prays the party comes to an end quickly while she visited the toilet where Jolly the big boy and the rest occupied. As soon as they see her, one hollered out no space for now. She returned to the party to amaze the students as she apologizes to Jide the small and in turn ask for a dance with him. In the mid of the dancing Jimi interrupted them and cause a scene by bumping into a waiter carrying drinks which pours on Efua that infuriated her the more. After the party to get home becomes a puzzle unsolved and at that moment someone came to her rescue Miss Novi. And they get talking Efua quickly appreciated her for her kind gestures to saving the life of the boy at the party. She on the verge educated Efua about what she’s into and that the action she’d displayed is called ‘Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation’. The new teacher hinted her to her club which Efua happily volunteered to be part of.

CHAPTER 8 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

The term comes to a close, a lot of activities come into play. And, for Nene it is organizing the carol night with the music teacher. Nene at the cafeteria invited Efua to join the carol group which Efua declined after several persuasion. She announced her membership with the EGG a group designed for advancement of women and children. She in the mid of her telling them mentioned ‘Erdoor got me’ which is the nickname for Miss Novi the new teacher. Her whole story telling and display comes to an end when Jimi came over. Jimi called Efua names and that Nene disagrees with him. He saw a list with Nene which has the names of those who will sing at the carol. Jimi volunteered to be part of the singers that Nene gladly accepted and he promised to bring in other boys to the team. The interhouse sports competition comes finally. Jimi and I cheer the last competition in a hundred meters race which Jimi eventually won. Nene was pleased but Efua hasty congratulated in low voice and mentioned these. The posturing peacock who panders to the gallery the girls around her dispelled her grammatical dexterity. At the end of the year Christmas concert that took place in the hall. Jimi is dressed in a Father Christmas cap in stage that makes everyone laughed. The carol was excellent that the music teacher commented on Jimi Solade Baritone voice and the performance of every participants in the carol. For Efua, she’s enjoyed the term despite the several hiccups that enthralled her. The principal has capped it all when he spoke of her excellent performance in academics and to her trophies the meeting of Erdoo who has made a part in things that mattered to humanity. As everyone jubilates over one thing or the other Ansa has been unhappy with his performance in the first term examinations, despite he’s the one that designed the art work for the stage he failed this term and he fears what would be of him before his mother but for his friend Jimi it is one of the best moment with girls.

CHAPTER 9 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School

The darkest part of the might is just before dawn Jimi Solade fits into this adage as the moments past have favored him but not of the times he had with heartthrob Efua Coker. The last times in school has made Jimi lost thoughts of the crisis that looms his family. However, his mother Mrs Solade has been quiet and dedicated to domestic duties of her family all the while. Wole has at last found something to keep him at pace he studied computer diploma course in one institute. Femi their eldest brother in U.K has not yield to Wole’s intention to getting money from him. The holiday was far for Jimi as he visits places like beach and club. One night the dark moment hauled in like a stranger Risikat banged on his door to announce to him the collapse of dear mum who has become frail from much thinking and worries. Jimi persuaded her to visit the hospital with her, where several tests were done on her. The following morning Jimi had rushed to the hospital to check on his mother who later divulge a secret to him “I have Cancer” Ovarian Cancer. Jimi Solade was perplexed and devastated at what he heard. Mother endeavors to cajole Jimi about his father that he loves them both. Jimi was startled at her words. Mr Solade returned from his trip looking devastated about the whole situations. Uncle Kazeem visited, Wole went to visit but left with careless demeanor. At the hospital Mr. Solade requested that they left but Jimi throw caution to the wind about their leaving. However, he left with him after Mrs Solade had pleaded with him. Later in the day, Wole visited home and he was seriously lashed with words which fell into deaf ears,. Ansa showed up at Jimi’s place with his parent to pay their visit to Mrs Solade at the hospital as Nene and her parents have done too.

CHAPTER 10 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

The second term started on a serious academic note Mr. Edet the chemistry teacher asked Solade to wait behind after the lectures. After the class chemistry lessons Mr. Edet only feels pity and worries for Jimi’s state and was very matured at dealing with him as he made him participate in the cleaning of the laboratory. The worries of the past times in Jimi’s home really do weigh him down and makes him feel unease. Efua approached him when he was at the top there she expressed her sincere apologies for not coming to see him. Although, Efua had stayed behind to help Miss Novi plan the weekend campaign against child hawking. It was at this point they unleashed their webs of hidden desires. On their way home something happened that made Efua to hold Jimi’s hand out of fear. The commotion got intense that the street has fallen into pandemomium. In the midst of the disarray, Efua saw a ten years old boy who stood in the middle of the street starring blankly he’s from the less privilege school children with learning disabilities. While they watch the whole place turned into fog of smoke Efua still volunteered to go help the boy on the verge of at Jimi got hurt as he tried to save her from falling into the gutter behind her. They took solace in an ice-cream bar who is a friend to Jimi, Samu called Jimi ‘Jimi the Great’ he almost spoilt this chances with Efua as he mentioned the names of Jimi’s former girl friends. After they had been welcomed by Samu, Jimi enquired about the boy they rescued and how did she comes to know him she told him few hints and eventually they dropped him with the instructor who appreciated them wholly. Jimi and Efua walked home joyfully as they parted ways to their various homes. Jimi slept well that night feeling good.


Literature Syllabus For JAMB 2018

Click here to Read or Download literature key point

Click here to Read or Download our English Language keypoint

Critical Analysis of the 2018 Recommended UTME Jamb novel 'IN DEPENDENCE' by Sarah Ladipo Manyika'

CHAPTER 11 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

Jimi has been absent from football practice Bayo his friend questioned. However, invited her for the CK night party which Jimi turned down bluntly. In the mid of their conversation Efua and Nene passed by as they exchange greetings. Bayo was surprised at such friendliness between the two. Bayo and Jimi later met at the football practice where the coach snapped at jimi for coming late to practice and later on in the game Jimi has been behaving erratic which made the coach bully at him and one of the team mates also spat words at him, that enraptured into a brawl and he was sent out of the game. On Saturday morning, the unexpected happened that tore Jimi’s world apart he went to the hospital after the heavy rain pour he’s with mother as he has become a routine. Mrs Solade lost breathe in the hands of her son. The news have spread in instants that Jimi’s family house is filled with relatives those like Uncle Kazeem, Aunt Memunat and Aunt Motunde. Femi also arrived from United Kingdom for the burial. Wole could not stay one minute but rather he walked in and out the home. Jimi dreams of a miracle like mother will just stand up and say don’t mind them nothing of such happened. Mrs Solade was buried in a private cemetery. Some of Jimi’s school friends attended the funeral. Efua ran to him at the deserted part of the cemetery where she extended her condolences. They sat together to talk before Ansa came for him that his father looks for him.

CHAPTER 12 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

After the funeral Mr Solade announced to his sons that he’ll be travelling abroad for money deal and might stay for five months. He promised to save plenty of money for them. The boys saw father off to airport. They came back home as Wole brought out a wrap from them to smoke. Wole turned the home into a club house that he organized party on daily basis to an extent that Mr. Izaegbegbe was worried for the new habits that has encumbered the Solade’s home. Mrs Izaegbegbe visited. Shortly to assure them to ask for anything if ever they were in need. Wole craziness do not know bounds rather he had turned nuts that he takes heroine and even introduced his brother to it. But thank God for Jimi’s former lessons on hard drugs that made him know the negative effect of such hard drugs. In school Jimi has been out rightly out of point like he use to be - His Maths teacher complained about his low marks. Jimi was confused and stunned about the whole things happening around him. Nene and Efua cornered Jimi to know how has been faring. They did not like how things have been with him lately, however, Nene noted that Jimi needs help and they must proffer solution. Ansa was approached by Nene and Efua which in addition they discovered another thing about Jimi’s home concerning Wole. On Friday night the trio Efua, nene and Ansa visited Jimi. They advised him to turn over a new which he promised to do as Efua had pleaded. As the trio went back that night Nene and Efua had a fell-off.

CHAPTER 13 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

Fortnight later, there’s football match between Forcados football team and St. Emmanuel Comprehensive School. Jimi stood on the lines with a red bandana tied round his head to support his team mates. After some moment ran to Efua to chat with her, she requested to buy a drink and Jimi saw her off to the spot. Caro spurned at them mockingly. However, before then Nene had been in tiff with Efua after that night. As Nene left the other girls she bumped into Ansa who is carrying a large square of canvas which she collected from him to pry into until she discovered it was Efua’s portrait it picked her to jealous though hidden. At the kiosk Jimi and Efua fell into talking that Efua told him her wish to be a doctor. The day not dark Nene decided to quash the grudge she shared with Efua and so visited her but she’s not around although, she wanted to kill two birds with a stone by also collecting a biology text book from her. Efua’s aunt Mrs. Alli reported the busy activities of her niece to Nene. She tried to calm her as all she could. At home she stumbled into small notes where Efua had expressed her love for what she does and Miss Novi for making her become what she wants. Nene took it all wrongly. She eventually showed the scripted note to Jimi who all together was minced with bitter feelings of jealous.

CHAPTER 14 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

Prior to the assembly bunch of students together gossip about something they seem to read and rattled about. Joke ran towards Efua as she passed through the students. The students are saying horrible things about you, Joke announced to her. The boys have been looking for one thing or the other to cause her pain eventually has found one. Nene saw the boys read the letter and she rushed to Jimi accusing him of divulging what she gave him in secret. Jimi apologized but things have gone out of control already. Mr. Mallum later got the hint of it as he questioned what is the noise about? He saw the original letter which he seized immediately and requested that the head boy and head girl retrieved any other ones they could. He sent for Efua immediately to come into his office. Ada was the one that told Efua that the principal needs her attention where she’s been throwing up. Mrs. Tanimomo, the guidance counsellor was amazed at such note that Efua has written. Miss Novi was asked to come and explain what could be happening between them. Miss Novi was tongue tied as she was confused with what she saw. The principal sent Efua home for a day as she left the office she stumbled at Jimi. She’s disappointed at what Jimi has done. However, Jimi felt pity for her because the whole school have read her letter he confessed to her that Nene saw it first.

CHAPTER 15 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

The next day the principal addressed the senior students and condemned the malicious act of the students towards their fellow students and most of all the teacher involved should have been respected. Jolly Stephens was the one that found the letter in Jimi’s pocket where he was trying to get the assignment to copy from Jimi’s jacket. He photocopied it into several ones and shared among the students. The principal condemns the act and have him flogged ten strokes. Mrs. Coker arrived from airport and Efua and her aunt have gone to pick her straight to the principal office. Efua’s mother apologized on behalf of her daughter’s behavior and ranted that the corper teacher be also prosecuted for such acts but the principal had told her that she’s been redeployed. The principal recommended a week off classes because of a lot of unnecessary unpleasantness that has occurred. At home Mrs. Coker raged with anger as she talked against her. Funmi do clam down, aunt told her sister. Efua’s mother called her names like harlot which is prostitute. Efua stayed in her room for the rest of the day and the next. She denied herself the meal and eventually fall into dreams that looked scary not knowing she had slumped previously and rushed to the hospital in a state of coma.

CHAPTER 16 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

Nene became devastatingly confused and lost in thoughts concerning her friend Efua who has been hospitalized she felt guilty and regretted her actions as she confessed all that happened between her and Efua. Her mother encouraged her to divulge her pains afterwards advised her to see Efua to amend her wrongs, she promised to buy things that she carry along to see her in the hospital. Efua has risen and sat on the hospital bed, friends from St. Catherine had sent her a card collectively signed with hearts and kisses. The St. Catherine’s principal sent a letter. She could not carry the mess she’s gotten herself into as she smiled sadly. Hence, Nene entered she has asked her to go and leave her alone as she’s done her enough damage. Nene was able to find way into her hearts that she confesses what really happened to Efua that she’s indeed jealous of her in all aspects as she’s the only one that gets all the attention from male folks. We promised to call back the next day and set to go when Efua asked to wait. At twelve her mother married her step father. She narrated a past tortures and experiences to Nene how she’s been a victim of rape and how she stabbed her stepfather and about Miss Novi she told her that she’s just a nice, lovely friend nothing went on. The two friends settled their differences and hugged each other as they look forward to the future.

CHAPTER 17 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

Jimi went back home after the whole troubles that have ensued him and his desire lovely friend Efua. He’s left Ansa’s place because he detested how he’d supported what happened to Efua. Ansa spoke advisedly to Jimi about being a good friend in times of need and how Efua has done that for Jimi before. Jimi was shaken at Ansa’s words, while Jimi whom his brother Wole cut into his thought looking unhappy as he had entered into trouble again. He mingles with some hard drugs peddlers who have punched his face and create bruises. Jimi loved his brother and always fall soft for him. Wole has asked him for some big money which eventually he gave him some of his properties to sell and raise cash to pay his huge debts. He later encourage Jimi to ask for money from father or anyone of their sure relatives that will pay their well, if only he could tell good lies. After Wole left Jimi fell into sudden past thoughts as he ruminates over all mother had told him about working after her brother.

CHAPTER 18 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

On Monday morning the news of the burgled laboratory has come to Jimi’s notice through the head boy Seyi. Jimi rushed down to the laboratory and met Mr. Edet and two other lab technicians Mr. Edet lamented over how fund was raised for the laboratory Mr Edet told Jimi that he’s part of those who did the fund ratios. Jimi Solade is the laboratory key keeper hence, Jimi believed that the key is in his bag whereas it is not there. Efua resumed after the holiday had expired, she’s with Nene and she protected her. She told her to just ignore anybody who tries to say anything and will report anytime anybody harasses her. Later after the worries of the missing key has subsided, Jimi bumped into Nene he apologized to her and also wish to see Efua and apologize too. Nene warned Jimi steer clear from Efua. However, Jimi insist to see her. The next day the truth was revealed already, the principal sent for Jimi to meet him at the office. Jimi Solade was the last person who has to stay behind with the laboratory. However, the principal announces that the thieves has been caught Wole Solade and some other boys. It didn’t take long for the news to spread that the health prefect and school hero was being questioned in the police station over missing laboratory equipment.

CHAPTER 19 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

Jimi was confused as he lay slumped on his bed for sleep has left him. Wole is in the prison for theft of the school laboratory equipments. It’s the principal that contacted Uncle Kazeem who helped granted Wole bail. As soon as he’s bailed he persuaded that Jimi accepted the blame to have stolen the items and brought to him. Jimi said yes that he stole those things and give it to his brother. Everyone was shocked to his confession. The principal was highly disappointed. Most of his friends avoided him except for Ansa who came to him. Jimi now remembered how Efua felt when the whole world turned against her. After WAEC every senior students were freed except Jimi Solade banned from all social activities and to publicly apologize to the whole school. On the of the speech, he spoke excellently well. Efua walked up to the stage and spoke extensively to defend her friend and made the principal realize what is missing. The principal pretended to be ignorant of her reasons or decline in what is good investigatory activities. Ansa the shy type also stood up to finalize the matter when he confessed that it’s Wole not Jimi that burgled the laboratory. The principal asked that Solade meet him in his office man hour time. Jimi narrated all to him, the principal apologize to him and dropped all the charges against him. Efua left after her exams with her mother she didn’t change till the end that is a true friend.

CHAPTER 20 Summary of The Last Days at Forcados High School 

At Forcados the results were out and it’s October the graduands lined up and dressed in mufti some came with their parents virtually all the students that year have done excellently well Jimi Solade had won a scholarship to study electrical engineering. Nene had done well, likewise Efua not to forget the hero boy Ansa, he made his result and declared he’ll go study Architecture, Nene chose Accountancy, the principal told the students that he’s proud of them. Efua dropped a letter for Jimi which sound interestingly great. Jimi wondered why he feels happy and sad at the sometime. Anyway, Ansa joined him where he was and said ‘what a years’ and they both laughed out their pairs and tortures which had turned to joy.

Roles and Analysis of Important Characters in The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

Roles and Character Analysis of Jimi Solade in The Last Days at Forcados High School

He is the main character in the novel. He is intelligent and very good in sports. He is also the health prefect, athletic club captain and best footballer. He won prizes such as the
best Chemistry student and the best athlete. He is a member of Tiger house. He won the 100m race and also won a scholarship to study Electrical Engineering.

Roles and Character Analysis of Wole Solade in The Last Days at Forcados High School

He is the brother of Jimi Solade. He behaved in a very bad manner. He engaged in the sale and use of hard drugs. His father disliked him because of his bad behavior. He dropped out of school because of his bad behaviour. He
broke into the school laboratory and stole the new microscope and other stuff.

Roles and Character Analysis of Mrs Solade in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A soft spoken woman and mother of Jimi, Wole and Femi Solade. She died of ovarian cancer. She took side with Wole when her husband made bad remarks about him.

Roles and Character Analysis of Mr Solade in The Last Days at Forcados High School

Father of Femi, Wole and Jimi.

Roles and Character Analysis of
in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A tall, slender girl with large eyes and long eyelashes and a masculine voice. She went further to study medicine. She
was a member of a group EGG whose aim was to cater for women and children.
Her classmates nicknamed her ‘’The Witch’’. Jimi Solade nicknamed her ‘’baby doll’’. She was a close friend of Miss Agbenenovi; a youth corper posted to Forcados High School.
She wrote a controversial letter to Miss Novi. She stood up for Jimi when everyone taught he masterminded the stealing of the new microscope and other stuff. She was expelled from St. Catherine’s.

Roles and Character Analysis of Nene Ekpo in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A plump girl with short plaits and a round gentle face. A good friend of Jimi, Ansa and Efua. She leaked Efua’s controversial letter to Jimi. Her father was a pastor. Her youngest brother attended Mother’s Joy Nursery School. She was the singing lead in the cultural dance drama “oluronbi”. She went further to study Accountancy.


Literature Syllabus For JAMB 2018

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Critical Analysis of the 2018 Recommended UTME Jamb novel 'IN DEPENDENCE' by Sarah Ladipo Manyika'

Roles and Character Analysis of Ansa in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A good friend of Jimi and Nene. He likes painting and shared
this interest with Efua. He desired to study Architecture. He accommodated Jimi when Wole invited his bad mannered
friends to Mr Solade home. He was not happy at the end of first term because he failed his exams and dreaded what his mother would say. He went further to study Architecture.

Roles and Character Analysis of Mr Mallum in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A small, wiry man with an odd accent. He is the principal of Forcados High School.

Roles and Character Analysis of Jolly Stephen in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A big boy, an arts student. He liked wearing chains on his trousers and trainers instead of sandals. He made photocopies of a letter Efua wrote to Miss Novi.

Roles and Character Analysis of Seyi Lawal in The Last Days at Forcados High School

He is the Head Boy of Forcados High School.

Roles and Character Analysis of Risikat in The Last Days at Forcados High School

Mrs Solade housemaid. She informed Jimi that his mum fainted.

Roles and Character Analysis of Mama Silifat in The Last Days at Forcados High Schoolboy

She sold puff-puff and akara outside the school. She was fond of Jimi and called him Akinjimi and omo mi.

Roles and Character Analysis of The Rhymers in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A group of five boys. They composed Hip-Hop music.

Roles and Character Analysis of Joke in The Last Days at Forcados High School

A close friend of Efua Coker. She informed Efua of the gossip student made over her relationship with Miss. Novi. She also helped Efua to pick her books when Caro bumped on her.

Roles and Character Analysis of Jide in The Last Days at Forcados High School

The smallest boy in the class. He danced with Efua during the Mid-term Dinner. St. Catherine’s: The School Efua Coker was expelled from. Oluronbi: The cultural dance drama held at Forcados High School. Mother’s Joy Nursery School: The school Nene Ekpo youngest brother attended.

Roles and Analysis of All Characters in The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

1.Uncle Sola(Relative of the Solade family)
2.Ansa Izaegbegbe(Jimi’s shoolmate/neighbour)
3.Seyi Lawal(The Head Boy at Forcados)
4.Mrs Obange(Principal at St.Catherines)
5.Rat-Face(Wole’s friend at the bar)
6.Hadiza(Efua’s friend at St.Catherines)
7.Dodo(efua’s friend at St.Catherines)
8.Mr Vann(physics teacher at forcados)
9.Jolly Stephens (Big Boy at forcados)
10.Bayo (Jimi’s school mate)
11.Miss Agbenenovi (Corper asigned to forcados)
12.Mr Salami (English teacher ar forcados)
13.Joke (A student at Forcados)
14.Jide (A student at forcados)
15.Bade (nicknamed:cane)
16.The Rhymers (a grup of 5 boiz with lyrics)
17.Eze (Jimi’s competition in chemistry)
18.Caro (Jimi’s Girlfriend)
19.Mama silifat (snack (akara) seller at forcados)
20.Nene Ekpo (Jimi, Efua and Ansa’s friend)
21.Mrs Alli (a resident on balogun street)
22.Femi (wole and jimi’s brother)
23.Efua Coker(funmi’s daughter)
24.Funmi (Efua’s Mother)
25.Aunt Moni (Efua’s Aunt)
26.Pastor Ekpo (Nene’s Father)
27.Mrs Ekpo (Nene’s Mother)
28.Jimi Solade (son of Mr Solade)
29.Wole Solade (son of Mr Solade)
30.Risikat (House help of solade’s family)
31.Mr Kola Solade (Jimi’s Father)
32.Mrs Kemi Solade (Jimi’s Motther)
33.Uncle kazeem (Relative of Solade Family)
34.Icheen Igbo (Jimi’s rival at the 100m race)
35.Mr Edet (Chemistry Teacher at forcados)
36.Samu (The ice cream bar owner)
37.Aunt Memunat (Relative of solade family)
38.Aunty Omotunde (Relative of Solade family)
39.Ada(a student (the head girl)at forcados)
40.Mrs Tanimoro (The guidance counsellor)

Questions and answers from The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed

These questions and answers from The Last Days at Forcados High School will surely help candidates sitting for this year’s Jamb Utme to answer the English exam questions faster.

1. Kola was (A) Ansa’s father (B) Jimi’s brother (C) Femi’s father (D) Wole’s uncle.
2. “Sorry, does anyone know you’re here?” Who made the statement (A) Efua (B) Jimi (C) Caro (D) Ansa.
3. On his return, Wole first met (A) Jimi (B) Kemi (C) Kola (D) Femi.
4. Mrs. Kemi Solade died of _ on _ (A) Hypertension, a Sunday morning (B) Ovarian cancer, a Saturday morning (C) Hypertension, a Saturday morning (D) Ovarian cancer, a Sunday morning.
5. What was Jimi’s age during his final year at Forcados High school (A) 16 (B) 17 (C) 18 (D)19.
6. Risikat was (A) Jimi’s house mate (B) Ansa’s girlfriend (C)Kemi’s house help (D) Nene’s younger brother.

7. The head boy at Forcados High School was _ (A) Jolly Stephens (B) Jimi Solade (C) AnsaIzaegbegbe (D) Seyi Lawal.
8. The principal of St. Catherine’s school was
(A) Mr Mallum (B) Mr Kola (C) Mrs Obange (D) Mr Bade.
9. Which of these characters is fond of Jimi and called him by his full name, Akinjimi? (A) Mr mallum (B) Nene (C) Mama Silifat (D) Ansa.
10. Moni Alli is
(A) Funmi’s cousin (B) Nene’s Aunt (C) Efua’s step mother (D) Guidance councillor.
11. The Teachers at Forcados High did not like Efua when she arrived the school because
(A) They felt she was too proud (B) They thought she was expelled from her former school (C) They felt she might lower the school’s result (D) She looked strange.

12. Efua’s former school, St Catherine’s was an (A) All girls’ boarding school (B) All boys school (C) Mixed School (D) All boys’ boarding school.
13. Which of these schools did Nene’s younger brother attend? (A) Forcados High school (B) Mother’s Joy Nursery school (C) St Catherine’s school (D) St Anthony’s college.
14. Which of these best describes Ansa? (A) A nerdy science genius (B) A nervous tall boy (C) A great painter (D) A small thin notorious student.
15. Wole woke up to an early morning surprise. What was the surprise? (A) Mrs Solade’s return (B) Mr. Solade’s return (C) Femi Solade’s return (D) Wole Solade’s return.
16. Wole was kicked out of University for (A) Robbery (B) Rape (C) Unclear reasons (D) All of the above.
17. Where was St Catherine’s school located? (A) Lagos (B) Abuja (C) Ibadan (D) None of the above.
18. Who was referred to as good-for-nothing in the novel? (A) Mr Solade (B) Jolly (C) Wole (D) Caro.
19. Who was nicknamed The Witch? (A) Caro (B) Nene (C) Efua (D) The mad woman.
20. The new youth corper,, at Forcados High teaches (A)Miss Novi, Mathematics (B) Salami, English (C) Edet, Chemistry (D) Agbenenovi, English.
21. Which post did Efua hold at Forcados High school? (A) Health prefect (B) Sanitary prefect (C) Head girl (D) None of the Above.
22. Efua danced with , the boy in class during the Mid-Term Dinner (A) Jolly, biggest (B) Jimi, smartest (C) Jide, smallest (D) Ansa, most talented.
23. Who photocopied and circulated Efua’s private letter in the school (A) Nene (B) Jimi (C) Jolly (D) Ada.
24. “I want to tell you that what you did with the boy who fainted was absolutely brilliant” Who made this statement and to whom? (A) Efua to Miss Novi (B) Nene to Efua (C) Ansa to Jimi (D) Mr Mallum to Miss Novi.
25. Who bumped into Efua making her drop her books when they were gathering for impromptu talk about Mid-Term Dinner? (A) Nene (B) Caro (C) Jolly (D) Joke.
26. Who was referred to as Erdoo in the novel? (A) Efua (B) Nene (C) Miss Novi (D) Caro.
27. Which of these is a house at Forcados High school which Jimi belonged to? (A) Gorilla (B) Cheetah (C) Elephant (D) Tiger.
28. “Nice painting” This commendation was made by? (A) Ansa (B) Jimi (C) Efua (D) Nene.
29. During the inter-house sports tournament, came 2nd in the 100 meteres race. (A) Ikeen (B) Jimi (C) Jolly (D) Igbo.
30. At the end of the First Term, Ansa was sad because (A) He received no award (B) He was barred from social activities (C) He failed his exam (D) He was not appreciated for designing the concert hall
31. Femi Solade lived in (A) United Kingdom (B) United States (C) United Arab Emirates (D) Texas.
32. Femi Solade was said to be just like his father because (A) He bullies Jimi (B) He is hot tempered (C) He speaks like him (D) he wanted nothing to do with Wole.
33. “Yes. He can’t help the way he gets angry sometimes. He almost went bankrupt after what your brother did” Who is the “He” in the statement? (A) Kola (B) Wole (C) Jimi (D) Femi.
34. Mr Vann is the _ teacher at Forcados High School (A) Chemistry (B) English (C) Physics (D) Mathematics.
35. Where did Jimi and Efua first take refuge during the Police/Area Boys clash? (A) Samu’s Ice cream bar (B) uncompleted building (C) bookshop (D) Hotel.
36. How long did Mr Solade say he would be outside the country? (A) 3 months (B) 4 months (C) 5 months (D) 6 months.
37. _ played a friendly match against Forcados High School. (A) St Edmund’s Comprehensive (B) Forcados Boys School (C) Kings College (D) St Catherine’s School.
38. “Well, I think Efua needs us now and I am going to show you something. You are not to tell anybody. Please promise” Who made this statement and what did the speaker show to the listener after the statement? (A) Nene, picture (B) Caro, letter (C) Jolly, Cell Phone (D) Nene, letter.
39. “Mickey and Minnie Mouse!” Who made this statement? (A) Efua (B) Caro (C) Nene (D) Ansa.
40 Who was the first to inform Efua about the allegation made against her and Miss Novi? (A) Joke (B) Nene (C) Jimi (D) Jolly.
41. Who was the first person to read Efua’s letter to Miss Novi? (A) Miss Novi (B) Jolly (C) Jimmy (D) Nene.
42. Jolly came across Efua’s letter while _ (A) Ransacking Efua’s locker (B) Searching for Jimi’s assignment (C) Going through Nene’s biology textbook (D) Chatting with jimi.
43. How old was Efua when her stepfather married her mother? (A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 14.
44. Which of these was stolen from the laboratory following the burglary? (A) Money (B) generator (C) microscope (D) computer.
45. What was the punishment given to Jimi Solade after he admitted to aided the Lab burglary crime? (A) Expulsion (B) Suspension (C) Ten strokes of the cane (D) Cutting of grass.
46. “It can’t be Jimi. It was his brother; he is only taking the blame for him!” Who made the statement? (A) Efua (B) Ansa (C) Nene (D) None of the above.
47. Who among the friends won a scholarship to study in the university? (A) Ansa (B) Jimi (C) Nene (D) Efua.
48. When did the results of the final year students of Forcados High School come out? (A) September (B) October (C) November (D) December.
49. Ansa wants to study _ (A) Electrical Engineering (B) Architecture (C) Medicine (D) Fine art.
50. Who among the friends did not make his/her papers at the end of the school year? (A) Ansa (B) Jolly (C) Jimi (D) None of the above.

1) C. (2) B. (3) B. (4) B. (5) A. (6) C. (7) D. (8) C. (9) C. (10) A.

(11) C. (12) A. (13) B. (14) C. (15) D. (16) C. (17) B. (18) C. (19) C. (20) D.

(21) D. (22) C. (23) C. (24) A. (25) B. (26) C. (27) D. (28) C. (29) D. (30) C.

(31) A. (32) D. (33) A. (34) C. (35) B. (36) C. (37) A. (38) D. (39) B. (40) A.

(41) D. (42) B. (43) C. (44) C. (45) D. (46) A. (47) B. (48) B. (49) B. (50) D.

Download The Last Days at Forcados High School by A.H Mohammed PDF

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About A.H Mohammed [The Author]

A.H Mohammed was born in Lagos Nigeria. He obtained his medical degree from the university of Lagos and is currently a junior resident doctor
Lagos Teaching Hospital. The last days at
Forcados High School is his first book.

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